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Hung_task_timeout_secs参数

2019.02.27

问题

客户有一台服务器,安装了VMW软件做了虚拟化,在其上搭建了一台readhat虚拟机,起初给的内存为16G,在添加了12G的内存后,将虚拟机的内存调整到了20G 调整完后主机这边就一直报错:

Nov 5 13:05:41 RedHat5 kernel: INFO: task oracle:22439 blocked for more than 120 seconds.
Nov 5 13:05:41 RedHat5 kernel: “echo 0 > /proc/sys/kernel/hung_task_timeout_secs” disables this message.

解决方法

从以上的报错信息也给出了简单的解决方案,就是禁止该120秒的超时:

echo 0 > /proc/sys/kernel/hung_task_timeout_secs

原因

查询了资料后对于该参数的了解为后台对进行的任务由于超时而挂起

随后询问了主机工程师:给出方案是按照告警里的提示将该提醒disable 后续询问后给出如下解释:

This is a know bug. By default Linux uses up to 40% of the available memory for file system caching. After this mark has been reached the file system flushes all outstanding data to disk causing all following IOs going synchronous. For flushing out this data to disk this there is a time limit of 120 seconds by default. In the case here the IO subsystem is not fast enough to flush the data withing 120 seconds. This especially happens on systems with a lof of memory. The problem is solved in later kernels and there is not “fix” from Oracle. I fixed this by lowering the mark for flushing the cache from 40% to 10% by setting “vm.dirty_ratio=10″ in /etc/sysctl.conf. This setting does not influence overall database performance since you hopefully use Direct IO and bypass the file system cache completely.

告知是linux会设置40%的可用内存用来做系统cache,当flush数据时这40%内存中的数据由于和IO同步问题导致超时(120s),所将40%减小到10%,避免超时。

报错截图

以下为报错页面

hung